Disaster Management

Difference between hazard and disaster

Hazard A hazard is a dangerous event, incident, consequence, occurrence or agent which has possibility to cause harm, damage and threat to life, property, infrastructure and environment. Those elements of the physical environment, harmful to man and caused by forces extraneous to him. (Burton et al 1978) A source of potential harm or a situation… read more »

Scope of Disaster Management

The term “Disaster Management” encompasses the complete realm of disaster-related activities. Traditionally people tend to think of disaster management only in terms of the post-disaster actions taken by relief and reconstruction officials; yet disaster management covers a much broader scope, and many modern disaster managers may find themselves far more involved in pre-disaster activities than… read more »

Adaptation Approaches

Adaptation is the action or process of adapting or being adapted. Adaptation is a process to cope with the changing environment. It is the adjustment in natural or human system in the response to actual or expected climate stimuli or their effects with moderator’s harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. Adaptation is the action or process… read more »

Mitigation Approaches

Mitigation means reducing risk of loss from the occurrence of any undesirable event. In other words, mitigation is the elimination or reduction of the frequency, magnitude, or severity of exposure to risks, or minimization of the potential impact of a threat or warning. Mitigation describes any type of action that is used to reduce the… read more »

Social Mobilization

Advocacy meetings should be conducted for policy makers to attain political commitment for mass clean-up campaigns and environmental sanitation. Intersectoral coordination meetings should be conducted to explore possible donors for m\ass antilarval control campaigns and measures and to help finance the programme. Reorientation training of health workers should be conducted to improve their technical capability… read more »

Health Education

Health education is very important in achieving community participation. It is a long-term process to achieve human behavioral change, and thus should be carried out on a continuous basis. Even though countries may have limited resources, health education should be given priority in endemic areas and in areas at high risk for DHF. Health education… read more »

Model Development

Model development for dengue control through a community participation approach should be initiated in order to define potential prime movers in the communities and to study ways to persuade them to participate in vector control activities. Social, economic and cultural factors that promote or discourage the participation of these groups should be intensively studied in… read more »

Intersectoral Coordination

Developing economies in countries of the South-East Asia Region have recognized many social, economic and environmental problems which promote mosquito breeding. The dengue problem thus exceeds the capabilities of ministries of health. The prevention and control of dengue requires close collaboration and partnerships between the health and non-health sectors (both government and private), nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and… read more »

Community Participation

Community participation (CP) has been defined “as a process whereby individuals, families and communities are involved in the planning and conduct of local vector control activities so as to ensure that the programme meets the local needs and priorities of the people who live in the community, and promotes community’s self-reliance in respect to development.”… read more »

Prevention Approaches

Prevention is that action that stops something from happening or arising. Prevention is an action or a set of actions designed to stop something before it actually happens. We all take preventive action ever day: we wear seat belts to save ourselves from death or serious injury in car accidents, we built our house in… read more »

Networking in Disaster Management

Concept Networking is a process that fosters the exchange of information and ideas among individuals or groups that share a common interest. It may be for social or business purposes. Professionals connect their business network through a series of symbolic ties and contacts. Business connections may form due to an individual’s education, employer, industry or… read more »

Collaboration in Disaster Management

Concept Collaboration is a working practice whereby individuals work together to a common purpose to achieve business benefit. Collaboration enables individuals to work together to achieve a defined and common business purpose. It exists in two forms: Synchronous, where everyone interacts in real time, as in online meetings, through instant messaging, or via Skype, and… read more »

Coordination in Disaster Management

The synchronization and integration of activities, responsibilities, and command and control structures to ensure that the resources of an organization are used most efficiently in pursuit of the specified objectives. Along with organizing, monitoring, and controlling, coordinating is one of the key functions of management. Co-ordination means to integrate (i.e. bring together) these activities for… read more »

Disaster Management: Conceptual Framework

Disaster management is the process of fighting against disaster. It builds up capacity and decreases vulnerability. It has a regulatory framework. The framework works in pre, during and post disaster period. The framework ensure effective, quick, flexible coordinating and collaborating management. This plan is applicable in national, international, society and community. Time Period of Conceptual… read more »


Normally, vulnerability is lack of capacity, weakness or gap. Vulnerability is a condition resulting from physical, social, economic and environmental factors or process which increase the susceptibility of an individual or community to the impact of any hazard. Or, The diminished capacity of an individual or community to anticipate, cope with, resist or recover from… read more »


Capacity can be defined as resources means strength, which exists in households and communities and which enable them to cope with, withstand prepare for prevent, mitigate or quickly recover from a disaster. It is opposite of vulnerability. If vulnerability decrease of an individual or community it increases capacity of that individual or community. Types of… read more »

Objectives of Disaster Management

Basically the main objective of disaster management is to reduce the damage. However, there are several objectives are integrated with it. Those are- Identifying the hazard and its cause. Reducing vulnerability and potential losses of hazard. Assessing, reviewing and controlling the risk. Applying efficient, effective, sustainable relief (food, shelter and money), medical and other facilities… read more »

Aims of Disaster Management

Disaster management refers to manage the disaster. There are several aim of disaster management. Those are- Implementing the disaster management cycle (mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery) in the aspects of disaster management. Quick and effective communication system in every sector. Formulating and implementing disaster management policy, plan, law and regulations in regional, national and global… read more »

Community Risk Assessment (CRA)

Definition CRA (Community Risk Assessment) is a participatory process for assessing hazards, vulnerabilities, risks, ability to cope, preparing coping strategies and finally preparing a risk reduction options implementation plan by the local community. CRA uses scientific information and predictions and participatory discourses to identify, analyse and evaluate risk environment of a particular community, reach consensus… read more »

Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP)

Bangladesh is also one of the country’s most at risk from the projected impacts of climate change. Reflecting global consensus and concerns of many development partners, it is clear that the increased frequency and severity of climatic events, such as flooding, cyclones and drought, will likely have a devastating impact on lives and livelihoods. Climate… read more »